Schedule 1 Children Act Claims
In certain circumstances, the Court has power to order a party to make financial provision for a minor child. Such claims are known as Schedule 1 claims and can be brought by a parent (or other party) on a child’s behalf under the Children Act 1989. They are most common when parties are not married although there are some claims that can be issued by a married or formerly married parent.
Schedule 1 claims are common where the non-resident parent (parent who does not reside with the child) has a high income or assets available to them. The court has the power to make the following orders for the benefit of the child:
- Periodical payments i.e. monthly maintenance
- Lump sum payments
- Transfer/settlement of property
Lump sum payments can be used to purchase a car to use for the child’s benefit, buy furniture or pay for school fees.
Upon a divorce, the court has the power to transfer property outright to the resident parent as part of the financial settlement. In Schedule 1 claims, however, if property is transferred to the resident parent, this will usually only be until the child turns eighteen or finishes tertiary education. Afterwards, the property reverts to the non-resident parent and the resident parent will need to find alternative accommodation.
In determining what financial provision to make for the benefit of the child, the court will consider the following factors:
- The income, earning capacity, property and other financial resources which any parent of the child (or the applicant or person in whose favour the court proposes making the order) has or is likely to have in the foreseeable future.
- The financial needs, obligations and responsibilities which any parent of the child (or the applicant or person in whose favour the court proposes making the order) has or is likely to have in the foreseeable future.
- The financial needs of the child.
- The income, earning capacity (if any), property and other financial resources of the child.
- Any physical or mental disability of the child.
- The manner in which the child was being, or was expected to be, educated or trained.
If a resident parent (or other party) wishes to bring a Schedule 1 claim, it is possible for them to make an application to have their legal costs covered by the non-resident parent. We can advise you as to the merits of making such an application and the costs involved.